What is a Winding Drum Elevator?
Winding drum elevators were popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in commercial buildings. While they are generally no longer installed in commercial structures, they are still commonly used in homes.
A winding drum elevator has a gear-reduction drive machine that is usually located at the top of the elevator shaft. Two steel ropes wind onto a large drum. The ropes extend from the car over sheaves, pulleys with grooves around their circumference that grip the ropes. The ropes run up the hoistway to the sheaves, down to the drum, around the drum several times, off the back side of the drum, against a deflector sheave, back up the hoistway, over another sheave, and down to a counterweight.
The motor turns the sheave in one direction to raise the elevator and in the opposite direction to lower it. When the car goes up, the counterweight descends. When the car goes down, the counterweight is raised. Many winding drum elevators also have two separate ropes that connect the top of the car to sheaves at the top of the hoistway and down to a separate section of the counterweight.
The sheaves, motor, and control system are generally housed in a machine room at the top of the shaft. The car and counterweight ride along guide rails on the sides of the shaft that prevent them from swaying and stop the car if there is an emergency.
A winding drum elevator has several standard safety features, including an overspeed governor to stop the elevator if a rope breaks. It also has upper and lower terminal limit switches, an automatic car lowering device, an automatic battery lowering device, and an emergency manual lowering device.
It may be necessary to do some excavation to install a winding drum elevator. While a winding drum elevator is generally less expensive than a hydraulic model, the cables need to be replaced every three to five years. Winding drum elevators are noisier than other types of elevators and not as smooth, but they are more versatile and efficient than hydraulic elevators and generally have more safety features.
More About Custom Elevators
- Can a Commercial Elevator Be Moved Into Your Home?
- Can an Elevator Increase the Value of Your Home?
- Choosing a Custom Commercial Elevator
- Choosing a Glass Custom Elevator
- Common Questions About the Custom Elevator Design Process
- Exotic Wood in Elevators
- Five Suggestions for Designing a Custom Commercial Elevator
- Hiring a Home Contractor When Planning a Home Elevator
- Home Elevator Installation
- How Does a Custom Elevator Increase the Value of a Home?
- How Does a Home Elevator Impact Insurance?
- How Is a Birdcage Elevator Designed?
- How Is a Custom Elevator Created?
- How Is a Home Elevator Different From a Commercial Elevator?
- How Long Does it Take to Install a Custom Home Elevator?
- How Many Elevators Are Needed in a Commercial Building?
- How Much Space Is Needed in the Home for a Custom Elevator?
- How to Choose a Glass Elevator for Your Home
- How to Design a Custom Home Elevator
- Is a Glass Elevator Right for Your Home?
- Is it Possible to Create a Vintage Elevator in a Home?
- Pneumatic Elevator or Hydraulic Elevator: Which Is Best for a Home?
- Round and Box-Shaped Elevators
- The Case for Hydraulic Elevators
- The Custom Elevator Design Process
- The Glass in Glass Elevators
- The Inspiration Behind Many Custom Elevators
- The Space Required for a Home Elevator
- Three Tips for Creating a Custom Elevator
- Tips for Designing a Custom Glass Elevator
- What Are Birdcage Elevators?
- What Are Smart Elevators?
- What Is a Pneumatic Elevator?
- What Is a Winding Drum Elevator?
- What Is the Time Frame for Creating a Custom Elevator?
- What Materials Can Be Used in a Custom Elevator?
- What Questions Should You Ask When Deciding to Have a Custom Elevator Built?
Order a FREE Catalog
When you buy a custom elevator from Artisan Elevators, our designers will work alongside you through each step of the process to customize a new luxury lift that fits your home or business perfectly. The design begins with the selection of the best motor system and ideal base for your indoor elevator. To get an idea of our customized residential elevator prices, call and tell us what you have in mind today.