Elevators are a necessary transport device in both commercial buildings and homes, and one option in adding elevators to a commercial building or business is to have them customized. But before deciding on a glass elevator or a panoramic elevator, the type of elevator needs to be decided first. Certain elevator types are better suited for commercial buildings, while others are better for residential buildings, but both require certain amounts of space based on ANSI A17.1 and ADA standards or local codes for homes and these aspects, as well as space for a machine closet, need to be taken into consideration when planning for an elevator in both home and commercial settings.
One type of elevator that is used in small commercial buildings and homes is a hydraulic elevator, an elevator car moved between floors by a hydraulic piston. This elevator type is a low-rise and low-speed application used for office buildings of four floors or less and residential buildings of six or less floors. A hydraulic elevator moves at 100 feet per minute for buildings of three floors or less and moves at 150 feet per minute for buildings of six floors or less.
Another type of elevator installed usually in mid-rise commercial buildings and homes is a geared-traction elevator, which is moved by hoist cables driven by a gear reduction unit. Specifically, a geared-traction elevator is a mid-speed elevator used for commercial buildings of nine floors or less and residential buildings of eighteen floors or less. In terms of speed, this elevator moves at 200 feet per minute in buildings of five or less floors, 350 feet per minute in buildings or nine or less floors, and 450 feet per minute in buildings of eighteen floors or less.
Gearless traction elevators are elevators installed typically in large commercial and residential buildings. Gearless traction elevators are also moved by hoist cables but with a large frame motor and are used in commercial buildings nine floors or higher and residential buildings eighteen floors or higher. For speed, gearless traction elevators move at 500 feet per minute in buildings of fifteen or fewer floors, at 700 feet per minute in buildings of 15 to 25 floors, and at 1000 feet per minute in buildings over 25 stories tall.
For home elevators specifically, one type of elevator used in homes up to four floors is a pneumatic elevator, also called a vacuum elevator. Although this home elevator doesn’t need a machine room, the elevator moves by a driving machine consisting of turbines to remove air from the top of the elevator car, and this causes the elevator to move.
For your commercial building, one of these elevator types can be worked into the structure of your building, either as a commercial elevator or as a home elevator. All elevators can be customized to your décor and style tastes.